Olivia Remie Constable F'06

Olivia Remie Constable
Professor
History
University of Notre Dame

ACLS Fellowship Program 2006
Professor
History
University of Notre Dame
Muslims in Medieval Europe: Muslim Communities in Christian Kingdoms of Aragon, Castile, and Sicily in the Thirteenth Century, and Atitudes of Christian Kings towards Muslim Subjects

This project compares the situation of Muslims living in thirteenth-century Europe in the realms of James I of Aragon, Alfonso X of Castile, and Frederick II of Sicily. Each of these rulers had Muslim subjects living under their rule as a result of Christian military conquests of Muslim territory. The study also analyzes another contemporary ruler, Louis IX of France, and his outlook on Islam. Each ruler conceptualized and controlled the identity of subject Muslims in slightly different ways. Comparison of these four monarchs and their varying relationships with Muslims and Islam reveals that pragmatism and regional context, more than theological arguments, determined the course of relations between Christians and Muslims in medieval Europe.